Упражнения на отработку Past Perfect – прекрасная возможность закрепить правила употребления этого непростого времени. Кстати, правила Past Perfect также доступны на сайте. А мы займемся упражнениями. Past Perfect упражнения предлагаются с ответами, поэтому вы сможете без труда убедится в своих успехах или, если нужно, еще раз обратится к статье по теории The Past Perfect Tense. В некоторых упражнениях возможны различные варианты ответов, поэтому для них я буду давать примерные варианты.
Упражнения разбиты на 2 уровня: уровень A несколько проще, уровень B– немного сложнее.
Past Perfect упражнения уровня A.
Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences using the Past Perfect tense of the verbs below. (Дополните предложения, используя форму Past Perfect глаголов, приведенных ниже.)
to learn the poem
— I went to bed after I had learnt the poem.
to have dinner, to do homework, to come , to read the book, to clean the room, to go shopping, to return from Australia, to finish work
- I went to see my friend after...
- I watched TV after...
- They went home after...
- He phoned me after...
- She went to dance after...
- We wrote a composition after...
- They rebuilt the house after...
- We went for a walk after...
Упражнение 2. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в Past Perfect.)
- I ... (to have) breakfast before I went to school.
- He went to meet his friends after he ... (to do) his homework.
- By 8 o’clock the rain ... (to stop).
- Alice was late because she ... (to miss) the bus.
- She went to the post-office after she ... (to write) the letter.
- He ... (to work) at the factory before he entered the college.
- He got a bad mark for his test because he ... (to make) a lot of mistakes in it.
- I went to bed after I ... (to finish) reading the book.
- The child ... (to fall) asleep before the parents came home.
- They ... (to marry) before they bought this house.
Упражнение 3 . Use Past Perfect of the verbs in the box to complete the sentences. (Используйте Past Perfect предложенных глаголов, чтобы дополнить предложения.)
to leave, to go, to die, to see, to live, to fly
- I didn’t read the text in class because I … my book at home.
- The children didn’t want to go to the cinema because they ... already ... the film.
- Kate wasn’t at home last week because she ... to visit her uncle.
- Linda never knew her father because he ... before she was born.
- I was excited when the plane took off because I... never ... before.
- My grandfather was always afraid of animals because he ... never ... in the country.
Упражнение 4. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в PastPerfect.)
1. Jill was afraid she _____ (forget) her key at home, but she found it in her handbag.
2. Dad wasn’t at home when I came back. He _____ (go) out twenty minutes before.
3. I wasn’t hungry because I_____ (just/have) breakfast.
4. Peter saw an urgent message on his table. Somebody _____ (leave) it the day before.
5. I apologized I _____ (not/phone) her.
6. He told me that he _____ (come back) a fortnight before.
7. I knew him at once though I _____ (meet) him many years before.
8. We spent the night in Klin, a town we _____ (often/hear of) but_____ (never/see).
9. They couldn’t believe he _____ (give up) his job in the bank. He _____ (make) a good living there.
10. Mr. Jackson said that he _____ ( already/buy) everything for lunch.
11. Alice asked her brother where he _____ (arrange) to meet his friends.
12. We had no car at that time because we _____ (sell) our old one.
13. They _____ (finish) painting the ceiling by two o’clock.
Past Perfect упражнения уровня B.
Упражнение 5. Say what action was done before. Combine the two sentences into one. (Oпределите, какое действие произошло раньше. Объедините два предложения в одно, не меняя части местами. Используйте BEFORE )
I sent a telegram. Then I met my friend.
— I had sent a telegram before I met my friend.
- The rain stopped. I went for a walk.
- I did my homework. My mother returned home.
- We met in the street. We went to the park.
- They packed their things. Then they started.
- I had dinner. I switched on the TV set.
- He returned home. The guests left.
- We came to the cinema. The film began.
- I read the book. I saw the play. .
- They lived here. They moved to another place.
- We played а game of tennis. We went to my place
Упражнение 6. Connect each pair of sentences with the conjunctions before, as soon as, after. (Объедините два предложения в одно, используя before, as soon as, after.)
They had lived in the country. They moved to the city.
— They had lived in the country before they moved to the city.
- He had finished school. He went to a camp.
- She had phoned her friend. She went to meet her.
- I read the book. I had seen the film.
- I had cleaned my room. I invited my friends home.
- He entered the university. He had finished school.
- Не told me about his impressions. He had returned from his journey.
- He was unhappy. He had got bad news.
- I had finished the text. I handed in my exercise-book.
Упражнение 7. Complete the sentences using Past Perfect. (Дополните предложения, используя Past Perfect ).
I watched a new film after…
I went for a walk after...
I fell asleep after...
I began to read a book after...
I helped my mother about the house after...
Упражнение 1. Примерные ответы:
- I went to see my friend after I had done my homework.
- I watched TV after I had come.
- They went home after they had finished work.
- He phoned me after he had cleaned the room.
- She went to dance after she had had dinner
- We wrote a composition after he had read the book.
- They rebuilt the house after they had come from Australia.
- We went for a walk after he had gone shopping.
1 had had, 2 had done, 3 had stopped, 4 had missed, 5 had written, 6 had worked, 7 had made, 8 had finished, 9 had fallen, 10 had married
1 had left, 2 had already seen. 3 had gone, 4 had died, 5 had never flown, 6 had never lived
1 had forgotten, 2 had gone, 3 had just had, 4 had left, 5 had not phoned, 6 had come back, 7 had met, 8 had often heard/ had never seen, 9 had given up/ had made, 10 had already bought, 11 had arranged, 12 had sold, 13 had finished
Упражнение 5. Примерные ответы:
- The rain had stopped before I went for a walk.
- I had done my homework before my mother returned home.
- We had met in the street before we went to the park.
- They had packed their things before they started.
- I had had dinner before I switched on the TV set.
- Before he returned home the guests had left.
- Before we came to the cinema the film had begun.
- I had read the book before I saw the play. .
- They had lived here before they moved to another place.
- We had played а game of tennis before we went to my place
Упражнение 6. Примерные ответы:
- After he had finished school, he went to a camp.
- As soon as she had phoned her friend, she went to meet her.
- I read the book after I had seen the film.
- I had cleaned my room before I invited my friends home.
- He entered the university after he had finished school.
- Не told me about his impressions after he had returned from his journey.
- He was unhappy after he had got bad news.
- After I had finished the text, I handed in my exercise-book.
Надеюсь, упражнения на Past Perfect пришлись вам по вкусу и оказались по плечу!
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