Упражнения на 3 тип условных предложений. Third conditional

Упражнения на третий тип условных предложений — Third conditional – являются продолжением цикла упражнений по теме CONDITIONALS. Ранее я уже размещала упражнения на первый тип условных предложений, а также упражнения с ответами по теме Second Conditional.

Third conditional exercises with answers.

Упражнение 1. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (Conditional 3).

  1. If the government ____________ (give) more money to the factory it _____________ (not close).
  2. If the government ___________ (build) flood barriers, we __________ (not have) the floods last year.
  3. If Dan ___________ (know) how to swim, he ____________ (not drown).
  4. If Molly __________ (listen) to the weather- forecast, she ______________ (know) it was going to rain.
  5. If Greg _____________ (tell) me he was ill, I  ____________  (be) more sympathetic. .
  6. If she __________ (prepare) for the exam, she  __________ (pass) it.
  7. If Bill _________ (see) the house, he ________ ( not buy) it.
  8. These words ___________ (roughly express) Bob’s feelings, if he __________ (be) capable of reasoning.
  9. But what ___________ (you do), if you ________ (see) what I saw
  10. It ___________ (be) all done though, if Jill __________ (help) at the right time.


Упражнение 2. Do you ever think about what would or would not have happened if ... ? Make a chain story, using the following.

If I _____________ (not use) so much gas, I _____________ (not have) such a big gas bill.

If I _____________ (must not) pay my gas bill, I  _____________ (not go) out in the rain.

If I_____________ (not go) out in the rain, I _____________ (not catch) a cold.

If I  _____________ (not catch) a cold, I _____________ (not carry) a handkerchief.

If I_____________ (not carry) a handkerchief, I_____________ (not drop) it.

If I _____________  (not drop) my handkerchief, Juan _____________ (not pick) it up.

If Juan_____________ (not pick) up my handkerchief, we_____________ (never meet).

Moral: Paying bills can be a good thing.

Упражнение 3. Correct the third Conditional sentences if you see any mistakes. Some of the sentences are correct.

  1. Molly might have thought that Paul was enjoying the weather, if there had been any to enjoy.
  2. If Krassotkin had known what an effect his words might have on the child, nothing would have had induced him to play this trick on him.
  3. Even if Jack had died, he wouldn’t just the same has escaped from his horrible position.
  4. It can all have gone off more harmoniously if Peter had taken the trouble to embellish his story.
  5. I wonder what might have happened if a Gatling (скорострельное стрелковое оружие) had been used.
  6. But if Molly had stayed in her home, she wouldn’t have any home left to stay in.
  7. Bill dreamed of it at the age when everyone would laugh to his face if they could have guessed what was in his head.
  8. If the robber had been someone like Molly Smith, she'd simply have put the chain straight in her pocket and get away as fast as she could.
  9. If Greg could move, Greg would have leapt upon me.
  10. If Sally had been with us, the sense of complicity would be cloying.

Упражнение 4. Rewrite the letter, using if-clauses (Third conditional).

Dear Магу,

exercises third conditional

I’m writing to you feeling completely frustrated. As you know, I have to give a reception every year to entertain my husband’s business associates, so I have to go to a lot of trouble. Well, disaster struck again! In my attempt to appear an original hostess, I ordered some Chinese and Thai food to be served with chopsticks. Needless to say, my guests disapproved. I also booked a Latin band to come and play live, but our middle-aged guests found it hard to dance so energetically. My husband has no sympathy for me and is mad at my choice of entertainment. I must confess I want to get out of organising such social gatherings. It’s a pity you weren’t here; you missed out on a unique opportunity to see my husband dancing.

Упражнение 5. Перевод. Translate the sentences using the third conditional.

  1. Питер не смог бы попасть туда, не встреть он мальчиков.
  2. Впрочем, если призрак был бы просто иллюзией, он должен был бы полностью исчезнуть, но он не исчез.
  3. Мужчина наверняка бы застрелил жену, если бы полицейский не оттолкнул его руку.
  4. Если Джека поймали, то, возможно, его взяли в плен.
  5. Cтарик стал так раздражителен, что, если бы Катя сказала бы ему, что не собиралась навестить его, он бы непременно обиделся.
  6. Если бы у Порфирия были хорошие карты, он бы показал их.
  7. Молли бы никогда не поставила себя в такое положение, если бы не доверяла Салли полностью.

Third Conditional exercises. Answers

Exercise 1.

1 had given / wouldn’t have closed, 2 had built / wouldn’t have had, 3 had known / wouldn’t have drowned, 4 had listened / would have known 5 had told / would have been, 6 had prepared / would have passed, 7 had seen / wouldn’t have bought, 8 would roughly have expressed / had been,  9 would you have done / had seen, 10 would have been / had helped.

Exercise 2.

Hadn’t used / wouldn’t have had;

Hadn’t had to pay / wouldn’t have gone;

Hadn’t gone / wouldn’t have caught;

Hadn’t caught / wouldn’t have been carrying;

Hadn’t been carrying / wouldn’t have dropped;

Hadn’t dropped / wouldn’t have picked;

Hadn’t picked / would have never met.

Exercise 3.

  1. correct;
  2. would have had induced -> would have induced;
  3. has escaped -> have escaped;
  4. can -> could ;
  5. correct;
  6. wouldn’t have -> wouldn’t have had;
  7. would laugh -> would have laughed;
  8. get -> would have got / got;
  9. correct;
  10. would be -> would have been

Exercise 4. Different variants are possible.

Exercise 5.

  1. Peter could never have got there if he hadn`t met the boys.
  2. But if the ghost had been just an illusion, it should have faded away entirely, but it didn’t
  3. The man would certainly have shot his wife if the police officer had not thrust aside his hand.
  4. If Jack had been caught, they might have taken him prisoner.
  5. The old man had become so irritable that if Kate had told him that she wasn't going to visit him, he would certainly have been offended.
  6. If Porfiry had really had good cards, he would have shown them.
  7. Molly would have never placed herself in that position if she hadn't completely trusted Sally.

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13 Комментариев для "Упражнения на 3 тип условных предложений. Third conditional"

  1. Маргарита | 09.12.2015 в 14:00 | Ответить

    Спасибо огромное !!! Интересные упражнения!

  2. Скажите пожалуйста, правильно ли я понимаю, что придаточные предложения в условиях третьего типа всегда (или почти всегда) употребляются в пассивном залоге? А если нет, то почему после would глагол стоит в прошедшем времени?


    • Добрый день, нет и нет. В условных предложениях 3 типа может быть как пассивный, так и активный залог. Глагол после would не стоит в прошедшем времени — схема третьего типа такова:

      if +had V3 // would have V3

      • То есть, если взять, к примеру, 6 предложение из 5 упражнения (Если бы у Порфирия были хорошие карты, он бы показал их.) и перевести в пассивный залог, то получится следующее: If Parfiriy had had a good maps, they would have been showed to us (Если бы у Порфирия были хорошие карты, они были бы показаны нам), т.е. получается пассивный залог в Future simple. Я прав?

        • Ну почти. If Parfiriy had had a good maps, they would have been showed to us. Здесь, во-первых cards (игральные карты, но не суть), If Parfiriy had had good maps (не a good maps) — это ошибка

          If Parfiriy had had good cards, they would have been showed to us — да, если вы ставите в пассиве, будет именно так, только это не пассивный залог в Future Simple, а скорее Future-in-the-past Perfect Passive. Но, на самом деле, (коль уж мы говорим об условных предложениях) просто Would + passive perfect infinitive. Не знаю, помогла или запутала ))))

  3. Почему в третьем упражнении, девятое предложение корректно??

    If Greg could have moved, Greg would have leapt upon me.

  4. Валентина | 04.11.2019 в 21:55 | Ответить

    Объясните пожалуйста почему в ответах к пятому упражнению в 5м предложении первая часть «Старик стал так раздражителен,что...» в английском имеет форму Past Perfect, если это и не условная часть, и не главная часть условного предложения. Спасибо.

  5. Валентина, здесь past Perfect, так как это действие до момента в прошлом(то есть до момента, описанного в условном предложении третьего типа)

  6. почему в 5.1 got f а не gotten

    разве не 3 ая форма глагола?

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