Упражнения на все типы условныx предложений в английском языке

На сайте Вы уже могли видеть упражнения на первый, второй и третий тип условных предложений, а также познакомиться с Zero Conditionals.  Пришло время выполнить упражнения на все эти типы условных предложений. Conditionals exercises даются с ответами, поэтому Вы сможете проверить уровень своих знаний по теме Условные предложения. Упражнения на Conditionals — прекрасный способ отработать полученные знания. Некоторые предложения, действительно, сложные – поэтому задавайте вопросы в комментариях.

Упражнения на условные предложения в английском. Conditionals exercises.

Упражнение 1. Подчеркните правильный вариант ответа. Underline the correct form to make conditional sentences.

  1. If Rita opens /will open a boutique in the High Street, she’ll make lots of money.
  2. If the economy doesn’t improve, lots of businesses will close / would close down.
  3. This burglar alarm is so sensitive: it goes off if a mouse runs / will run across the floor.
  4. George may go to prison unless he won’t pay / pays his taxes.
  5. The company was / would be more successful if it spent more money on advertising.
  6. If the employees of a company are/were happy, they work harder.
  7. We might sell our business if it makes / would make another loss this year.
  8. It looks like Molly’ll be okay, unless something new will happen / happens.
  9. Unless Shelly had read him wrong, Jack would find /would have found her unorthodox approach irresistible.
  10. Mat would not trust/ didn’t trust that unless he had to.

 

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующейся форме условного наклонения. Open the brackets to form conditionals. Mind mixed conditionals!

  1. If Felix (to be) ___________ here I would have seen him.
  2. Michael would not agree even if you (to ask) ____________ him.
  3. If they (mention) __________ this yesterday, everything would have been done.
  4. If I (to find) __________ that letter, I’ll show it to you.
  5. If I meet him, I (to invite) __________ him.
  6. Would they come if we (to invite) __________them?
  7. The boss (be) __________ very disappointed if you aren’t at the meeting tomorrow.
  8. The teacher said, “I’ll begin the lesson as soon as Jack _____________ (stop) talking.”
  9. The old gentleman doesn’t go out in winter. He _____________ (go) out if the weather gets warmer.
  10. She’s flying to Cairo tomorrow. She’ll send her family a telegram providing she _____________ (arrive) with a delay.
  11. If the plane had left on time, they _____________ (be) in Minsk now.
  12. If they hadn’t walked 40 km, they _____________ (not / be) exhausted now.
  13. What would have become of us, if I _______ (come) to you then!'
  14. He would have been scrupulous — if he (can) ________ !
  15. What is the answer if you (add) _______ 17 to 75?

Упражнение 3. Образуйте условные предложения, употребив нужную форму глагола. Make conditional sentences.

  1. Molly (be) _______ a splendid woman, if only she didn't talk so much!
  2. The evening will be fine, if only we ________ (not have) a storm.
  3. You might be of interest to me, if only I (have) _________time to waste on you.
  4. If you (leave) __________ at two, you will be there before dark.
  5. When he isdrowning, a man (clutch) ________ at any straw.
  6. If only Greg (can) _______ get some favourable shock, that's what would do it!
  7. You (can) _________ do it if you try
  8. You (can) _________ do it if you tried.
  9. You (can) _________ it if you had tried.
  10. We (go) __________ if it does not rain.
  11. Fred (come) _________ if he has time.
  12. If you (take) _______ a taxi, you'll be in time.
  13. If Mark (have) ________enough money, he will go to the university.
  14. They won't unless you (ask) ______ them to come
  15. What remains if you (subtract) ________ 5 from 10?
  16. If you (buy) ________a packet of cigarettes costing 3$ and matches costing 2$, and gave the shopkeeper 10$ note, how much change ought you to receive?

Упражнение 4. Supply the correct verb forms in these conditional sentences. Decide, which type of conditionals are these sentences. Определите, к какому типу условных предложений относятся следующие предложения. Раскройте скобки.

  1. If you (to heat) __________ iron, it (to start) ____________ to get red hot and then white hot.
  2. If Molly and Paul (be) ________ misinformed about the train times, they (not be) __________ late.
  3. If Ioannis (stay) _______ longer at the party, he (have) ________ a good time
  4. If the government (lose) __________ the next election, the Prime Minister (resign) ________ from politics.
  5. If we (not go) ________ to your friend's party, I never (meet) _________ Alan.
  6. If train fares (be) _________ cheaper, more people (use) _________ them.
  7. If Molly (get) _______ that job she's applied for, she will be delighted.
  8. It (be) ______ a disaster if it the explosion had happened in the middle of the day.
  9. If the talks (be broken) __________ down again, there (be) ______ a war between the two countries
  10. If Ali (know) _______ anything about mechanics at that time, I'm sure she (help) _____ us.
  11. He (have) ________ a bad accident last Friday if he _____________ (not / drive) more carefully.

Упражнение 5. Переведите следующие условные предложения на английский.

  1. Джаггер пригрозил уйти в отставку, если правительство потерпит поражение
  2. Если бы в компании согласились, мы могли бы достичь быстрого прогресса.
  3. Компания вернет деньги, если вы передумаете.
  4. Выставка, возможно, закрылась бы, если бы они не нашли новых спонсоров.
  5. Я бы отказался сотрудничать, если бы я был в вашем положении
  6. Пожалуйста, сообщите врачу немедленно, если она покажет признаки улучшения.
  7. Молли и Салли поняли бы свою ошибку, если бы только остались до конца.
  8. Можете считать, что мы согласны, если не получите от нас новостей до воскресенья.
  9. Если вы выпьете слишком много кофе, вы не сможете уснуть.
  10. Если бы Джек привез карту, мы бы не заблудились.
  11. Если бы Джон знал о встрече, то приехал бы
  12. Если вы столкнетесь с Павлом, скажите ему, что я хочу его видеть.

Conditionals exercises. Английские условные упражнения: ответы.

Exercise 1.

1 opens, 2 will close, 3 runs, 4 pays, 5 would be, 6 are, 7 makes, 8 happens, 9 would find, 10 wouldn't trust

Exercise 2.

1 had been, 2 asked, 3 had mentioned, 4 find, 5 will invite, 6 invited, 7 will be, 8 stops, 9 will go, 10 arrives, 11 would be, 12 wouldn’t be, 13 hadn’t come, 14 could, 15 add

Exercise 3.

1 would be, 2 don’t have, 3 had, 4 leave, 5 will clutch или clutches, 6 could, 7 can, 8 could, 9 could have done, 10 will go, 11 will come, 12 take, 13 has, 14 ask, 15 substract, 16 bought

Exercise 4.

1 heat / will start или starts, 2 hadn't been / wouldn't have been, 3 had stayed / would have had, 4 loses / will resign, 5 hadn't gone / would have never met, 6 were / would use, 7 gets, 8 would have been, 9 are broken / will be, 10 had known / would have helped, 11 would have had /  hadn’t been driving

Exercise 5.

  1. Jagger has threatened to resign if the government is defeated.
  2. If the companies agreed, we could make rapid progress.
  3. The company will refund the money if you change your mind
  4. The exhibition might have closed if they hadn't found new sponsors.
  5. I would refuse to co-operate if I were in your position
  6. Please inform the doctor immediately if she shows signs of improvement.
  7. Molly and sally would have realized their mistake if only they had stayed until the end.
  8. You may assume we have agreed if you do not hear from us by Sunday
  9. If you drink too much coffee, you won't be able to sleep.
  10. If Jack’d brought map, we wouldn't have got lost.
  11. If John had known about the meeting, he would have come
  12. If you come across Paul, tell him I want to see him.

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12 Комментариев для "Упражнения на все типы условныx предложений в английском языке"

  1. Exercise 5. Jagger has threatened to resign if the government is defeated.

    Не понимаю почему именно так, но не иначе?

  2. так ведь в ответах ошибки.например:If the plane had left on time, they would have been in Minsk now.А у вас:If the plane had left on time, they would be in Minsk now.

  3. Добрый день! Возник вопрос. Упражнение 1 предложение 4.

    Понятно, что не won't pay, т.к. после unless не может быть отрицания. Но unless указывает на придаточную часть предложения, а по правилу в придаточной не может быть употреблен глагол в Future Indefenite, и мы не можем использовать will. Если я не прав, объясните, пожалуйста, почему в данном случае употребляется will pay.

    • Добрый день, Алексей. Вы абсолютно правы. Моя невнимательность. Исправила. Спасибо.

  4. в 1 упр. 9 предложение. какое это условие? я думала 3 типа. а получается смешанного?

  5. в 9 предложении 1 упражнения — это 3 тип или смешанный?

  6. тогда должно стоять would have found, а у вас в ответах would find

  7. Jagger has threatened to resign if the government is defeated. Это смешанный тип? И почему без should скажите пожалуйста!

    • Добрый день, Яна. В данном случае мы имеем дело с Zero Conditional или исходя из западной терминологии Present & Future Real Conditional for Stating facts and predictions (реальное условие для описания фактов и предсказаний). В первой части здесь Present Condition, во второй — factual effect.

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